The 47th "Statistical Report on China's Internet Development Status" recently released by the China Internet Network Information Center shows that during the prevention and control of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, the national integrated government service platform launched the "epidemic prevention health code", which has applied for nearly 900 million people. It has been used more than 40 billion times, supporting the realization of "one-yard traffic" in most areas of the country.
As an important tool for epidemic prevention and control, many cities have jointly launched health codes with related suppliers. However, the health codes of "one thousand places and one code" and "one city, one code" have brought inconvenience to people traveling across regions. The National Health Commission, the National Medical Insurance Bureau, and others have jointly issued the "Notice on Further Promoting the "Five Ones" Service Actions for "Internet Medical Health"", clarifying the implementation of national mutual recognition of health codes and "one code access" in various regions.
In the whole country, there are many health codes developed in various places. Due to the different risk levels, response levels, and prevention and control requirements of different provinces, the health code generation standards and docking platforms of different regions are different, which restricts the implementation of "one code access". In response to this problem, Lian Weiliang, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, recently stated at the National Spring Festival Transport Video and Telephone Conference that it is necessary to implement a unified policy, unified standards, national mutual recognition, and "one code access" for epidemic prevention and health codes.
With the gradual unification of policies and standards, health codes are accelerating toward national mutual recognition. At present, relying on the support of data sharing on the national integrated government service platform, the health codes of most provinces have realized information sharing, mutual recognition and mutual recognition. People can pass with the non-abnormal information of the health code of the national integrated government service platform or the green code of the health code from all over the country. There is no need to apply for and show the health code of the visitor, and there is no need to repeatedly show other epidemic prevention and control codes, which further facilitates people's travel.
The release of a series of national standards provides technical support for accelerating the cross-regional mutual recognition of health codes in various regions. On April 29, 2020, the three national standards of "Personal Health Information Code Reference Model", "Personal Health Information Code Data Format" and "Personal Health Information Code Application Interface" were released, and personal health information codes are speeding up towards unified code system and display The method is unified, and the data content is unified. At present, most areas of the country, such as the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, and the Greater Bay Area, have achieved "one-yard access"; Hainan, as a popular tourist resort, has achieved mutual recognition of health codes with 30 provinces across the country.
In the rapid popularization, the health code is continuously upgraded and transformed to realize information exchange and provide convenience for more people. In order to facilitate the travel of the elderly, children and other groups who do not use or do not operate smart phones, the national government service platform provides the "elderly and young child assistance inquiry" function to realize one-click agency inspection; "Sichuan Tianfu Health Link" WeChat applet is launched. The “offline code” function supports downloading and printing of paper “offline codes”; the “health and epidemic prevention verification system” created by Guangdong Province provides services of swiping ID cards for entry and exit registration and verification of health codes (“Yuekang Code”). In order to meet various epidemic prevention needs, the National Government Service Platform, Tencent Health Code, Ali Health Code, etc. have launched functions such as nucleic acid test appointment, result query, new crown vaccination query, close self-check, and risk area query.
Promote national mutual recognition
However, there are still some provinces and cities that have “one-code access” and the national mutual recognition work is not progressing smoothly. What is the reason behind it?
The reporter learned that the current difficulty in mutual recognition of health codes is mainly due to the different situations and policies of epidemic prevention and control in various regions, which objectively increases the difficulty and complexity of the convergence of epidemic prevention and health information catalogs from various regions to a national integrated platform. How to ensure the security of data sharing? Who will bear the responsibility after the data breach? How to carry out the training of specific executives? ...Similar concerns have also hindered the mutual recognition of health codes in some places.
According to Hu Gongqun, a legislative consultant of the Standing Committee of the Beijing Municipal People’s Congress, there are currently no technical barriers to the mutual recognition of health codes. All localities only need to follow standard technical specifications, open and share data with each other to ensure business effectiveness and synergy. From the perspective of the underlying reasons, the mutual recognition of health codes tests the willingness and determination of the relevant departments of the local government to solve the problem.
Experts said that local governments should further enhance their awareness of using big data technology for precision prevention and control, continuously strengthen the training of grassroots executives, and timely understand and grasp the epidemic prevention and control policies of the central and local governments to ensure that the health code truly realizes national mutual recognition.
It is expected that the data will be fully circulated
It is understood that this "one-code access" smart device realizes infrared temperature measurement, scan code real-name registration, health access, intelligent number picking, 3.0 system one-code access, visual data display, and realizes the full flow of data.
In various parts of China, health codes are showing great efficiency in convenient services such as medical treatment and errands. In Fujian, the "multi-code synergy" application of "electronic health code", "medical insurance settlement code" and "financial payment code" has been implemented in 14 provincial hospitals, covering more than 36.8 million people. In Guangdong, 70.97 million residents have activated the electronic health code to enjoy medical and health services conveniently. One code per person can be used by any medical and health institution in the province. In Hangzhou, Zhejiang, the health code has achieved interconnection with electronic health cards and electronic social security cards, and will expand its application in public transportation, business and tourism and other fields in the future.
In addition to "passing", the health code can do many things. To this end, the "Notice on Further Promoting the "Five Ones" Service Actions for "Internet Medical and Health"" jointly issued by the National Health Commission and other departments pointed out that the industry’s "one code universal" will be strengthened and residents’ electronic health codes and financial payments will be promoted. "Multi-code integration" applications such as code, citizen card, etc., realize the "one code pass" of the health code.
Zhou Ping, director of the Information Technology Research Center of the China Electronics Technology Standards Institute, said that the health code application is not only about travel, but also related to Internet medical treatment and health care. In the future, the health code will involve insurance and other social security. With the implementation of "One Code Access", the role of health codes will become greater and greater.